Korean Journal of Agricultural Science (Korean J. Agric. Sci.; KJOAS)
Indexed in KCI (Korea Citation Index), Open Access, Peer Reviewed.
pISSN 2466-2402
eISSN 2466-2410

Korea-China FTA concession carve-out effects on garlic industry



Park J, Hong S. Korea-China FTA concession carve-out effects on garlic industry. Korean Journal of Agricultural Science 50:167-179.

Korean Journal of Agricultural Science (Korean J. Agric. Sci.) 2023 March, Volume 50, Issue 1, pages 50:167-179. https://doi.org/10.7744/kjoas.20230011

Received on 07 February 2023, Revised on 09 February 2023, Accepted on 23 February 2023, Published on 30 March 2023.

Korea-China FTA concession carve-out effects on garlic industry

Jaehong Park1, Seungjee Hong2,*

1Department of Food Economics and Services, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea

2Department of Agricultural Economics, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea

*Corresponding author: hseungj@cnu.ac.kr


This study attempted to analyze the protective effect on the garlic industry of excluding concessions in the Korea-China FTA (Free Trade Agreement) negotiations. To this end, various functions necessary for constructing the model, such as the cultivated area response function, demand function, price flexibility function, and import demand function, were estimated using the autoregressive distributed lag model. The analysis shows that the import volume increases while the domestic garlic cultivated area and production decreases due to tariff cuts, indicating that the concession carve-out contributes positively in terms of cultivated area, production maintenance, and self-sufficiency compared to the scenario of sensitive or general rollback. Meanwhile, farm households’ gross revenue was slightly lower than the base scenario as the farmers received price and consumer price remained higher than those other than concession due to a decrease in domestic production. The current study has limited the analysis period to 2016 – 2020, but if the analysis period is extended, it can be expected that the reduction of cultivated area and the increase in imports will accelerate. Above all, a decline in self-sufficiency due to an increase in imports and a contraction in the production base due to a reduction in cultivated area will be a risk factor for the Korean garlic industry.


ARDL (autoregressive distributed lag), concession carve-out, garlic, Korea-China FTA


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Authors Information

Jaehong Park, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1587-6203

Seungjee Hong, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8277-5090


이 연구는 충남대학교 학술연구비에 의해 지원되었음.

Conflicts of interest

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.