Korean Journal of Agricultural Science (Korean J. Agric. Sci.; KJOAS)
Indexed in KCI (Korea Citation Index), Open Access, Peer Reviewed.
pISSN 2466-2402
eISSN 2466-2410

Effect of forest restoration treatment on Abies holophylla growth and soil condition: Focusing on the Daegwallyeong alpine pastures



Kim JE, Bae JH, Kim SJ, Park KH, Koo N, Kang WS, Jung YG. 2024. Effect of forest restoration treatment on Abies holophylla growth and soil condition: Focusing on the Daegwallyeong alpine pastures. Korean Journal of Agricultural Science 51:25-39.

Korean Journal of Agricultural Science (Korean J. Agric. Sci.) 2024 March, Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 25-39. https://doi.org/10.7744/kjoas.510103

Received on 18 September 2023, Revised on 07 November 2023, Accepted on 13 November 2023, Published on 1 March 2024.

Effect of forest restoration treatment on Abies holophylla growth and soil condition: Focusing on the Daegwallyeong alpine pastures

Ju-Eun Kim1,†, Jeong-Hyeon Bae2,3,†, So-Jin Kim1, Ki-Hyung Park1, Namin Koo1, Won-Seok Kang4, YuGyeong Jung2,*

1Forest Ecology Division, National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul 02455, Korea

2Forest Fire Division, National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul 02455, Korea

3Department of Environmental Science & Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 20841, Korea

4Departmernt of Horticulture & Forestry, Mokpo National University, Muan 58554, Korea

These authors equally contributed to this study as first author.

*Corresponding author: avaforest64@korea.kr


This study aimed to determine a method for restoring grasslands to forests in mountainous areas. The study was conducted in an area damaged by trampling due to construction activity and herding. Additionally, there were concerns of hindered tree growth due to the alpine region climate, characterized by the low temperatures, drying, and strong winds. Therefore, forest restoration treatments such as tillage, furrow, and shading were performed to improve growth conditions. From July 2021 to April 2023, soil temperature and moisture were monitored for each treatment plot, and changes in the initial growth and survival rate of Abies holophylla were investigated. Both soil temperature and soil moisture showed significantly higher values during the four seasons in the grassland-furrow treatment plot (p < 0.05). Compared to the grassland-control plot, the average soil temperature in winter was as high as 1.1℃, and the soil moisture in summer was as high as 20.3%. Additionally, the survival rate and relative growth rate were the largest in the grassland-furrow treatment plot. The survival rate was 87.5%, the relative growth rate in terms of height was 0.013, and the relative growth rate in terms of diameter at root collar was 0.023, indicating that furrow treatment had a positive effect on the initial survival and growth of seedlings. These results suggest that furrow treatment may be an appropriate restoration method when implementing forest restoration projects in areas where tree growth is challenged.


forest restoration, furrow, relative growth rate (RGR), restoration treatment, soil temperature and moisture


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Authors Information

Ju-Eun Kim, https://orcid.org/0009-0004-2617-6976

Jeong-Hyeon Bae, https://orcid.org/0009-0008-4633-2840

So-Jin Kim, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1525-0649

Ki-Hyung Park, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2278-6393

Namin Koo, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9893-7517

Won-Seok Kang, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0915-2276

Yu-Gyeong Jung, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5006-2953


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Conflicts of interest

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.