ENGINEERING

Comparison of the physical characteristics according to the varieties of perilla for the development of a high-quality, high-efficiency cleaner and stone separator

Jong Ryul Park1   Heo Man Park2   Hye Rin Park1   Gye Hoon Yang1   Jung Hyun Lee3,*   

11Department of Agricultural Engineering, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Jeonju 54875, Korea
2Department of Animal Biotechnology & Environment, National Institute of Animal Science, Wanju 55365, Korea
3Department of Biosystems Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea

Abstract

The physical characteristics of the major varieties of perilla were analyzed to use as basic data for the design of a high-quality, high-efficiency perilla cleaner and stone separator. Because the size, thousand-grain weight, angle of repose, angle of friction, bulk density and terminal velocity of perilla have significant differences according to the perilla variety, the different of characteristics by variety should be considered for performance improvement of a perilla cleaner and stone separator. Therefore the cleaner and stone separator using a sieve could be improved by the application of a detachable sieve or by using equipment such as a 2 - 3 stage sieve and regulating the slope. Moreover, because differences in the terminal velocity occur due to the differences in the size and thousand-grain weight according to the perilla variety, a blower with an adjustable fan speed was considered for the design of the improved cleaner. Additionally, it was shown that the length of perilla has the greatest correlation based on a comparison of the coefficients of the other characteristics. Accordingly, the length of perilla could be used as a major factor for the fine adjustment and parts replacement of the device. These results can be used as basic data for a high-quality, high-efficiency perilla cleaner and stone separator. In the future, the development of the machine and follow-up studies based on the basic data are needed to determine the optimized operating conditions and mechanism of action.

Figures & Tables

Fig. 1. Apperance according to variety of perilla seed.