ENGINEERING

Analysis of spatial characteristics and irrigation facilities of rural water districts

Mikyoung Choi1, Kwangya Lee1,*, Bosung Koh2, Sangyeon Yoo3, Dongho Jo4, Minchul La5, Sangwoo Kim5, Wonho Nam6

1Institute of Agricultural Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
2Surienc Corporation, Bucheon 14446, Korea
3Water Resources Development, Saman Corporation, Gwacheon 13837, Korea
4Water Resources Development, Isan Corporation, Anyang 14066, Korea
5Integrated Water Resources Management Department, Korea Rural Community Corporation, Sejong 30103, Korea
6School of Social Safety and Systems Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Environmental Science, National Agricultural Water Research Center, Hankyong National University, Anseong 17579, Korea

*Corresponding author: Leehec7005@cnu.ac.kr

Abstract

This study aims to establish basic data for efficient management of rural water by analyzing regional irrigation facilities and benefitted areas in the statistical yearbook of land and water development for agriculture at the watershed level. For 511 domestic rural water use areas, water storage facilities (reservoirs, pumping & drainage stations, intake weirs, infiltration galleries, and tube wells) are spatially distributed, and the benefitted areas provided at the city/county level are divided by water use area to provide agricultural water supply facilities. The characteristics of rural water district areas such as benefitted area, were analyzed by basin. The average area of Korea’s 511 rural water districts is 19,638 ha. The average benefitted area by rural water district is 1,270 ha, with the Geum River basin at 2,220 ha and the Yeongsan River basin at 1,868 ha, which is larger than the overall average. The Han River basin at 807 ha, the Nakdong River basin at 1,121 ha, and the Seomjing River basin at 938 ha are smaller than the overall average. The results of this basic analysis are expected to be used to set the direction of various supply and demand management projects that take into account the rational and scientific use and distribution of rural water and the characteristics of water use areas by presenting a quantitative definition of Korea’s agricultural water districts.

Keywords

benefitted area, irrigated paddy field, irrigation facilities, rural water districts, spatial characteristics

More details can be read in the PDF