PLANT&FOREST

Insecticide resistance monitoring in Korean local populations of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) (I)

Hee-Ji Kim1,*, Hyun Ko2, Young-Nam Youn1

1Institute of Agricultural Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
2Kyung Nong Co., R&D Center, Gyeongju 38175, Korea

*Corresponding author: kimheeji914@naver.com

Abstract

Various chemical pesticides are used to control diamondback moths, Plutella xylostella, which are agricultural pests that occur in cruciferous crops worldwide and cause economic losses. However, due to pesticide misuse, resistance to P. xylostella is consistently reported domestically and internationally. Therefore, we aimed to monitor and map regional resistance to devise efficient and economical control methods for P. xylostella in Korea. This study selected eight highly used insecticides among those registered against P. xylostella. P. xylostella were collected from three cities in the Gyeonggi and Yeongnam Provinces to evaluate insecticide resistance. As a result of experiments with populations collected from Yeoju, Gyeonggi Province, resistance ratios were 114.88, 54.75, 119.00, and 64.00 times higher than the susceptible population with methoxyfenozide, indoxacarb, cyantraniliprole, and fluxametamide, respectively. The resistance ratios of the Yongin population in Gyeonggi Province were 166.33 times with cyantraniliprole and 195.25 times with fluxametamide higher than the susceptible population. The Pocheon population in Gyeonggi Province showed a resistance ratio 283.23 times higher than methoxyfenozide. As a result of experiments with populations collected from Gimhae and Sangju, Yeongnam Province, the resistance ratios of the Gimhae population were 80.97, 138.00, and 89.50 times higher than the susceptible population with methoxyfenozide, cyantraniliprole, and fluxametamide, respectively. Meanwhile, the resistance ratios of the Sangju population were 85.83, 224.67, and 303.25 times higher than the susceptible population with methoxyfenozide, cyantraniliprole, and fluxametamide, respectively. The Yeongnam Province Tongyeong population showed a resistance ratio 367.28 times higher to methoxyfenozide.

Keywords

chemical pesticides, diamondback moth, insecticides resistance monitoring, Plutella xylostella

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