ANIMAL

Effect of suitable dietary glycine supplementation on growth production, meat quality, serum parameters, and stress alleviation of broiler under heat stress condition

Jiseon Son, Woo-Do Lee, Hyunsoo Kim, Eui-Chul Hong, Hee-Jin Kim, Yeon-Seo Yun, Hwan Ku Kang*

Poultry Research Institute, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration, Pyeongchang 25342, Korea

†These authors equally contributed to this study as first author.

*Corresponding author: magic100@korea.kr

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the productivity, meat quality, blood variables, stress responses, and litter quality of broilers offered feed with different levels of Glycine (Gly) supplementation under heat stress condition. A total of 760 one-day-old Ross 308 broiler males were randomly assigned to one of the four dietary treatment groups: (1) basal diet (control; CON); (2) basal diet + Gly 0.1% (Gly 0.1%); (3) basal diet + Gly 0.2% (Gly 0.2%); and (4) basal diet + Gly 0.3% (Gly 0.3%). The environments for all the treatments groups were maintained according to broiler rearing guidelines from day 1 to day 21, and heat stress condition (32 ± 1℃, 60 ± 5%) was created from day 22 to the end. The addition of Gly increased weight gain and affected feed intake (p < 0.05). Gly 0.1% group had higher pH and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) in the chicken meat and lower heterophil (HE)/ lymphocyte (LY) ratio in the blood (p < 0.05). In particular, Gly 0.2% treatment group had lower serum corticosterone level (p < 0.05) than other groups. For jejunum morphology, the addition of Gly 0.2% significantly reduced the depth of the crypts (p < 0.05). However, the addition of Gly did not significantly affect litter quality (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the addition of glycine improved productivity and meat quality, alleviated heat stress, and improved intestinal function. Further studies are needed to determine the optimal level and mechanism of action of the additive when ingested.

Keywords

alleviating heat stress, blood parameter, carcass traits, glycine supplementation, growth performance

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